Canna plants common name is ‘Indian Shot’ plant, but most are sold simply as canna lilies in the garden centers.
Canna lilies belong to a genus of about 50 canna species, which are spectacular tropical bulbous plants with rhizomes.
Almost all cannas in the nursery trade are hybrids that are descendants from species native from the American tropics and subtropics.
Therefore should only be grown in the warmer climate zones, because the canna lily is a tropical plant.
However, there are ways you can grow them in colder zones also. Under the headline ‘growing canna lilyplants’ you will get that information.
Cannas are rhizomatous herbaceous perennials. They are grown for their brightly colored flowers and paddle shaped leaves.
I garden in Los Angeles, and there are lots of gardens with canna lilies here. I see them every day when out in my car.
So Southern California is a great place to grow them. Cannas are also great for growing in Florida and Hawaii, which are tropical climate zones.
Dwarf Canna Lilies
The smaller dwarf canna varieties are great for containers.
I like planting them in front of the border for a spectacular color splash.
If you click on the link you can check out the dwarf varieties available to buy online.
Cultivating and Growing
Canna Lily Plants
Outdoors, grow them in fertile soil, amended with lots of organic compost, and apply a phospate-rich liquid fertilizer monthly during the growing season.
Cannas should only be planted in full sun, and be watered freely during dry spells.
Deadheading, removing spent blooms, will promote continued flowering, so if you want your cannas to flower for a long season, don’t forget to do this. It also makes the plants look neat and beautiful.
In cold zones, plant out in early summer. After the first frost in the fall blackens the foilage, remove the stems and leaves, and lift the rhizomes for winter storage.
Store the rhizome in barely, moist peat moss in frost-free conditions.
Then plant out the rhizones in early summer or late spring after all danger of frost is gone.