Florida gardening tips for the best Florida perennials, annuals, shrubs, vines, and trees to grow in Florida and the Gulf Coast.
These gardening tips will work if you are gardening in south, central or north Florida.
Below I have listed plants that must have some of if you are gardening in Florida.
If you want to be successful at gardening in Florida, you must learn to garden in a way that’s very different from the rest of the USA.
The seasons are upside down, so you’ll need to become an expert at adapting information and also at observing what works best in your own garden.
Here is some great gardening tips for having a good garden in Florida.
Tips For Floridas
Long Gardening Season
- You can enjoy color year around if you plan it right. Blooms are spread over a long period of the year in Florida. However, because not everything is blooming at the same time, you’ll have less of an intense flowershow, as you would in cooler climates.
- Timing is vital. Even tough there is seldom the same pressure to plant, prune and maintain the garden in this region, compared to other parts of the country, it’s still important to do the right tasks at the right time.
- Plants perform and grow bigger in Florida from those in the rest of the country. Many plants such as petunias and nasturtiums grow well from fall until spring. But when the hot summer wheather arrives, they die from the heat.
- Some plants, such as impatiens and peppers, are annuals elsewhere, but may be perennials in Florida. Some perennials such as delphinium, thyme and yarrow are best treated as annuals, because the summer heat kills them most of the time.
But for every plant that doesn’t grow in Florida, there are 10 more well-suited to the region that will thrive beautifully.
High and Low Temperatures
- An increased interest in gardening in sub-tropical regions, has resulted in more information about heat tolerance on plant labels, so be sure to check for that when buying your plants.
- Plants grow more slowly in winter because of shorter days and different sun and shade patterns. So winter will dramatically slow the growth of the plant, so you should reduce watering and feeding accordingly.
- Watch out for frost which can still happen. Keep a list of your cold-sensitive plants and be ready to cover them when frost is predicted.
- Good maintenance and lots of compost in the soil can give you a few extra degrees of protection.
- In central and south Florida, you should plant frost-sensitive perennials and annuals together. That way you can throw a sheet or burlap over the whole group when the temperatures dips.
These are my best Florida gardening tips for having a successful and beautiful garden
Must Have Plants For Florida
And The Gulf Coast
Annuals and Perennials
The common plant name is listed first and the botanical name next.
- Butter daisy, Melampodium paludosum. Annual
- Calla lily, Zantedeschia spp. Zones 8-11
- Canna lily, Canna spp. Zones 8-11
- Impatiens, Impatiens soo. Annual
- Ferns, Various species. Zones vary
- Lantana, Lantana camara. Zones 8-10
- Pentas, Pentas lanceolata, Zones 10-9
- Petunia, Petuniaspp, Annual
- Salvia, Salvia spp. Zones vary
- Snapdragon, Antirrinum majus. Annual
- Sweet Allyssum, Lobularia maritima. Annual
- Viola and Pansy, Viola spp. Annual
- Wishbone flower, Torenia fourieri. Annual
Florida Shrubs and Vines
Florida Gardening Tips
- Allamanda, Allamanda cathartica. Zones 10-11
- Aucuba, Aucuba japonica. Zones 7-10
- Azalea, Rhododendron spp. Zones vary
- Bird of Paradise, Strelizia spp. Zones 9-11
- Bougainvillea, Bougainvillea glabra. Zones 9-11
- Camellia, Camellia spp. Zones 7-11
- Crepe myrtle, Lagerstroemia indica. Zones 7-9
- Datura, Brugmansia soo. Zones 9-11
- Gardenia, Gardenia jasminoides. Zones vary
- Hibiscus Chinese, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Zones 9-10
- Jasmine, Jasminum spp. Zones vary
- Ixora, Ixora coccinea. Zones 10-11
- Plumbago, Ceratostigma plumbginoides. Zones 5-9
- Sweet Olive, Osmanthus fragrans. Zones 8-9
Florida Gardening Tips
- Banana, Musa spp. Zones 8-11
- Citrus various, Citrus spp. Zones 8-11
- Magnolia, Magnolia spp. Zones vary
- Oak, southern live, Quercus virginiana. Zones 8-11
- Palms, various species. Zones vary
These plants are my best Florida gardening tips for planting a garden in Florida and the Gulf Coast.