Planting a flower garden is simple when using these easy steps for creating a flower garden that is beautiful.
This is how I prepare a new flowerbed, it’s my own garden planting guide for how to prepare a flowerbed for planting.
Making and planting flower beds is fun and burns a lot of calories. It’s better than going to the gym.
There are two planting seasons, spring planting and fall planting. You can plant both in spring and fall if you like. I find it impossible not to plant something in spring, when the garden nurseries are brimming with perennials, plants and roses of all kinds.
As soon as the spring thaws the soil, you can start digging and prepare a bed for spring planting
Fall is another great time for creating a flowerbed and plant perennials and roses.
Planting new beds in fall allows time for organic matter to work its magic and for limestone to neutralize acidic soils.
Do a soil test to find out if your soil is too alkaline or too acidic.
Pick a Planting Site
You should always pick a site with good growing conditions.
A good site is a spot that gets 6 hours of full sun every day. This will make it easier to find beautiful perennial plants and roses.
And make sure that the soil drains well. I recommend creating a raised bed for planting a flower garden.
For a raised bed, four inches or more, above the surounding ground, you’ll need to purchase good quality top-soil.
First you need to gather your gardening tools and materials that you will need
- Lime, or flour, to mark perimeter of the bed.
- Stakes and string for straight lines.
- Heavy rope or garden hose for curves
- Sharp spade for sod
- Shovel for dirt
- Garden fork
- Tarp to put removed grass on
- Garden wheelbarrow or cart
- Organic compost, enough for a 3 inch layer over entire bed
- Fertilizer, plus lime or sulfor, if needed, to adjust soil pH value.
- For raise beds additional compost, topsoil or compost-topsoil mix
- Garden rake
A power tiller takes less effort than turning the soil with a garden fork, but it doesn’t do as good a job.
It won’t go deep enough, and it’s easy to over-till the soil, turning crumbling soil into dust.
Digging by hand is best, and you’ll burn more calories.
Planting a Flower Garden
Preparing the Flower Bed
Create The Shape: Using a heavy rope or a garden hose on the lawn, try out different shapes until you find one that you like. Mark the outline with lime or flour. Then remove the rope or hose.
Remove The Sod: You can remove the grass with a sharp spade, but if you are planting a flower garden that is long and big, I recomend renting a gas-powered sod cutter for a quick job. Once you have removed the sod, you can use it elsewhere if you like.
Prepare The Soil: If you have clay and compacted soil it’s best to double dig using your garden fork. Dig down to the depth of your shovel.
Add The Amendments: Amend your soil by adding several bags of compost and composted manure by 50%, and work it very well using the garden fork.
Rake It Smooth: Use your garden rake to smooth the soil.
Place The Plants: Before you plant the flowers, you should set all the plants where they look the best. For an island bed, place the taller plants in the middle. And for a border along a fence or wall, place the taller once toward the back. Space them appropriately. You woudn’t won’t to re-plant them later.
Planting The Perennials: If the plants are root-bound in the containers, tease the roots before planting. This will encourage the feeder roots to grow outwards, increasing their ability to take up nutrients and water.
Flowerbed Mulch: Applying a 2 inch layer of mulch around the plants makes maintenance so much easier. Mulch deters weeds, and conserves water. I usually cover the plants with their pots, then spread the mulch over the bed. After everything is mulched, remove the pots and spread the mulch closer to the plants, without the mulch touching their stems.
Water Well: The final part is to water well and deeply. Check the moisture level with a hand trowel every other day, or so, for the first ten days. When the soil no longer sticks together in a ball in your hand, it’s time to water again. Always water deeply whenever you are watering plants.
Flowerbed Maintenance: Deadhead spent blooms on a regular basis to encourage continued flowering. If you don’t, the flower will go to seed, and the flower production will stop. Or cut flowers for a bouquet. That’s what I like to do. Near the end of summer, early fall, let spent blooms go to seed to provide food for birds.